ABI Acquired Brain Injury – An acquired brain injury (ABI) is organic brain damage (such as a brain haemorrhage, stroke, encephalitis, meningitis) caused by events after birth, rather than as part of a genetic or congenital disorder
GCS Glasgow Coma Scale – is a neurological scale that aims to give a reliable, objective way of recording the conscious state of a person for initial as well as subsequent assessment. A patient is assessed against the criteria of the scale. Less than 8, Severe Head Injury, Score 9 – 12, Moderate Head Injury, Score 13 – 15, Mild Head Injury
ICU Intensive Care Unit – An intensive care unit (ICU), also sometimes known as a critical care unit, or an intensive therapy department, is a special ward that is found in most hospitals. It provides intensive care (treatment and monitoring) for people who are in a critically ill or unstable condition.
PEG Percutaneous Endoscopic gastronomy – is a way of introducing food, fluid and medicines directly in to the stomach by passing a thin tube through the skin and in to the gullet.
PTA Post Traumatic Amnesia – is a state of confusion that occurs immediately following a traumatic brain injury (TBI) in which the injured person is disoriented and unable to remember events that occur after the injury. The person may be unable to state his or her name, where he or she is, and what time it is. When continuous memory returns, PTA is considered to have resolved.
TBI Traumatic Brain Injury – Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain such as a blow to the head sustained in a road traffic accident or a physical assault.
ANALGESIC An analgesic (also known as a painkiller) is any member of the group of drugs used to relieve pain.
TRACHEOTOMY A tracheotomy is an opening surgically created through the neck into the trachea (windpipe) to allow direct access to the breathing tube and is commonly done in an operating room under general anesthesia. A tube is usually placed through this opening to provide an airway and to remove secretions from the lungs.  Breathing is done through the tracheotomy tube rather than through the nose and mouth
Headway Factsheet